Erez, E. (1998). Immigrant Populations as Victims: Toward a Multicultural
Criminal Justice System. Research in Brief (pp.1-20). U.S.
Department of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
summarizes a study that investigated whether the diverse cultural makeup
of many communities requires the criminal justice system to modify its
approach, particularly in handling recent immigrants. The study addressed
a previously unexamined questionwhether immigrant victims have
a more difficult time than other victims in dealing with police and
the courts because of differences in language, expectations, and treatment
by officials. The consensus among officials who responded to the national
survey and among the leaders of six ethnic communities whom researchers
interviewed for this study is that many recent immigrants do indeed
fail to report crimes. Many of the study participants saw this failure
to report crimes as a serious problem, allowing criminals to go free
and eroding the ability of the criminal justice system to function effectively.
Cultural differences and ignorance of the U.S. justice system also discourage
victims from coming to court. Respondents indicated that the language
barrier poses no problem in communicating with officials, because interpreters
often are available. However, they stated that immigrants have trouble
understanding court proceedings conducted in English even when they
J. (1995). Rural Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic White Women: Effects
of Abuse on Self-Concept. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 2(2),
arose from a clinical practice in a rural Mexican-American and non-Hispanic
white community in Southwest Texas. The practice focused on individual
and group counseling for these women in abusive relationships. Effects
of type of abuse (physical, sexual, psychological) on self-concept were
identified. Rural Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white women experiencing
sexual abuse versus other forms of abuse were found to have significantly
lower perceptions of competency on a multi-dimensional measure of self-concept.
Ethnic differences in self-concept were also found between groups of
abused, rural Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white women.
J. (1996). Woman Abuse, Assimilation, and Self-Concept in a Rural Mexican
American Community. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences,
describes the effect of assimilation on self-concept and abuse in a
rural, minority population of Mexican American women (aged 17-85 years).
Ethnic language translations were developed to enable investigation
with a rural, Spanish-speaking Mexican American population. Reassessment
of reliability and validity of both English and Spanish translations
of instrumentation for a rural population was also performed. Data were
collected through convenience sampling from both rural battered women's
shelters and rural community service centers. Significant differences
were found between the 85 abused and the 84 non-abused women on dimensions
of self-concept. Assimilation variables found to be significantly correlated
with self-concept for abused and non-abused Mexican American women included
language, attitudes toward traditional family structure, and values.
Significant differences were found between abused and non-abused Mexican
American women in attitudes toward traditional family structure and
sex-role identification. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved).
J. (1999). Effect of Abuse on Self-Perception of Rural Mexican-American
and Non-Hispanic White Adolescents. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing,
a self-concept profile for 123 rural Mexican-American and 44 non-Hispanic
White 13-18-yr-olds who have been physically, sexually, or psychologically
abused. Students within a rural school district in the southwestern
U.S. were administered the Adolescent Self-Perception Profile. The relevance
of each self-concept domain to global self-worth was determined. Abused
students reported significantly lower perceptions of Self-Worth, Scholastic
Ability, and Behavioral Conduct than non-abused students. Differences
were also found by ethnicity (Job Competence) and sex (Close Friendship,
Athletic Ability). These results represent scientific, defensible reasons
for related psychotherapeutic nursing interventions for adolescent abuse.
This study proposed to refine the theoretical basis for interventions
related to self-concept and woman abuse for rural Mexican American and
non-Hispanic White adolescents. ((c) 1999 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved).