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Gilbert, L., El-Bassel, N., Schilling, R.F., & Friedman, E. (1997). Childhood Abuse as a Risk for Partner Abuse among Women in Methadone Maintenance. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 23(4), (pp.581-595).

Examines the relationship between childhood abuse and partner abuse among a sample of predominantly African-American and Hispanic women who are patients in methadone clinics in Harlem and the South Bronx. Women who reported childhood sexual abuse were almost 9 times more likely to report having been abused by a spouse or boyfriend. Women who reported childhood abuse were almost 4 times more likely to report having been abused by a spouse or boyfriend. Depression and need for social support were significantly associated with partner abuse, while current heroin use was inversely associated with partner abuse.

Gondolf, E.W., Fisher, E. & McFerron, J.R. (1988). Racial Differences among Shelter Residents: A Comparison of Anglo, Black, and Hispanic Battered. Journal of Family Violence, 3(1), (pp.39-51).

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  The implications of racial differences for shelter services has become an increasing concern with the expansion and development of shelters for battered women. This study employs bi-variate cross-tabulation and discriminant analysis of shelter intake and exit interviews to determine the most influential variables in differentiating Anglo, Black and Hispanic women. The groups appear to be differentiated most by income and marital related variables, and very little by abuse and help-seeking variables. The findings  
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suggest that the greatest differences overall are between Anglo and Hispanic women, and that additional economic and educational supports need to be directed to the Hispanic group.

Gorton, J. (1998). Domestic Violence among Patients at Two Rural Health Care Clinics: Prevalence and Social Correlates. Public Health Nursing, 15(5), (pp.355-362).

Examined the prevalence of spouse abuse among 155 female patients (mean age 41 years) who received medical treatment at two rural health clinics serving low income, primarily Hispanic populations. The analysis showed a significant positive relationship between spousal abuse and drug/alcohol use by the victim's intimate partners.

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