(1997). Alcohol and Spouse Abuse: Ethnic Differences. Recent
Developments in Alcoholism, 13, (pp.57-79).
examines theoretical and empirical evidence on the interplay between
ethnicity, structural and cultural factors, and alcohol-related assaults
against wives and considers whether there is a differential vulnerability
to such assaults among varying ethnic groups. Our review demonstrated
that structural factors emerged as dominant in their difference on alcohol-related
wife assaults in varying ethnic groups. The empirical evidence, though
limited, showed that the linkages between drinking and wife beating
are not just a problem of poor ethnic minorities. Heavy drinking per
se is associated similarly in Hispanic-American and Anglo-American families.
However, we also identified differences among Hispanic subgroups as
well as cultural variations in drinking patterns that differentially
affected wife assaults. Although data on alcohol-wife assault relationships
among African-Americans are extremely limited, the available evidence
indicates little or no effect of drinking by African-American men on
wife assaults, after taking other socioeconomic variables into account.
Empirical evidence did not support the saliency of particular beliefs
favoring violence toward women as intrinsic to any one ethnic group.
The major cultural differences in alcohol-related cognitions are consistent
with the greater legitimation of alcohol-related misbehavior and the
acceptance of "machismo" drinking by Hispanic-Americas compared to Anglo-Americans.
Jasinski, J.L., & Aldarondo, E. (1994). Sociocultural Status and
Incidence of Marital Violence in Hispanic Families. Violence and
Victims, 9(3), (pp.207-222).
data from the 1992 National Alcohol and Family Violence Survey of 1,970
families, including an oversample of Hispanic families, to determine
the incidence of marital violence in the 3 major Hispanic-American subgroups
and in Anglo-American families. It also examined how sociocultural status
and attitudes toward violence affect wife assaults differentially. Findings
show that Hispanic Americans, as a whole, do not differ significantly
from Anglo Americans in their odds of wife assaults when norms regarding
violence approval, age, and economic stressors are held constant. It
was found that being born in the U.S. increases the risk of wife assaults
by Mexican- and Puerto Rican-American husbands. However, the presence
of norms sanctioning wife assaults within any group, regardless of SES,
is a risk factor for wife abuse. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights
G., Aldarondo, E. & Jasinsky, J. L., (In Press). Incidence of Alcohol-Related
Wife Assaults in Latino and Anglo-American Families. American Journal
of Drug and Alcohol Abuse.
examines the interplay between ethnicity, structural and cultural factors,
and alcohol-related wife assaults. The 1992 National Alcohol and Family
Violence Survey (N=1970) was used to evaluate the following: 1) The
risk of alcohol-related wife assaults among various Latino and Anglo-American
ethnic groups; 2) The relationship between cognitive mechanisms, ethnicity,
and wife assault; and 3) The role of cultural factors in mediating the
effects of drinking and alcohol expectancies in wife assault. The analyses
showed considerable variability in the rates and patterns of alcohol-related
assaults among Latino groups. Heavy drinking was associated with higher
rates of wife assault in both Latino and Anglo-American families. Aggressive
alcohol expectancies and lack of economic resources were also found
to be important contributors to the incidence of wife assault across
ethnic groups. Multivariate analyses showed that structural factors
exert a strong influence on alcohol-related wife assaults in various
ethnic groups, net of alcohol consumption, and belief systems. We must
recognize the heterogeneity among Latinos in the U.S if we are to understand
and reduce the occurrence of alcohol-related wife assaults in these
groups. The relationship between drinking and wife assault, however,
is clearly not just a problem for Latino groups.
S.P., Hilbert, J.C., VanLeeuwen, D., & Kolia, R. (1997). Documenting
Domestic Violence among Ethnically Diverse Populations: Results from a
Preliminary Study. Family and Community Health, 20(3), (p.32).
violence shelters in rural areas with different ethnic populations need
to tailor their services accordingly. A survey of three domestic violence
shelters in rural New Mexico included Anglo, Hispanic and Native American
women. Although the Hispanic women reported more physical violence in
their relationship than Anglo women, they were less likely to report
the incidents to the police and less likely to seek medical care.