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Neff, J.A., Holamon, B., & Schluter, T.D. (1995). Spousal Violence among Anglos, Blacks, and Mexican Americans: The Role of Demographic Variables, Psychosocial Predictors, and Alcohol Consumption. Journal of Family Violence, 10(1), (pp.1-21).

Racial and ethnic differences in the prevalence and correlates of self-reported spousal violence in a community sample of Anglo, Black, and Mexican American adults are examined. Females, the formerly married, and Black females in particular (up to 60% of formerly married) were most likely to report being beaten by and beating a spouse. Multivariate analyses controlling for demographic variables, financial stress, social desirability, sex role traditionalism and drinking quantity (and spouse's drinking among the currently married) did not eliminate the greater likelihood of reports of both beating and being beaten among married Black females. There was little consistent evidence to suggest greater propensity among Mexican American than Anglo respondents. The findings raise questions about simplistic socioeconomic status or financial stress explanations of observed racial/ethnic differences in spousal violence. Further, curvilinear effects of alcohol quantity and spouse drinking upon reported violence question simple "disinhibition" arguments and suggest the need for data regarding couple dynamics.

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O'Keefe, M. (1994). Racial/Ethnic Differences among Battered Women and their Children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 3, (pp.283-305).

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  Ethnicity/race has received relatively little attention in the spousal violence literature. Whereas some investigators have found that spousal abuse is more prevalent in minority populations, particularly among African-American families, other investigators found no racial/ethnic differences. The studies  
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that do exist have focused primarily on prevalence rates of spousal violence and have not examined other family or contextual factors. Also, no studies have examined whether race/ethnicity impacts the emotional and behavioral adjustment of children exposed to marital violence. The purpose of the present study is to provide descriptive and analytic information on a sample of racially/ethnically diverse battered women and their children assessing their backgrounds, amount of violence, family functioning and child adjustment. Findings indicate few statistically significant racial/ethnic differences on numerous background and family functioning measures. The implications of the findings are discussed. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.
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