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WE HAVE MANY BEAUTIFUL TRADITIONS;
FAMILY VIOLENCE IS NOT ONE OF THEM.

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Annotated Bibliography

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Fawcett, G., Heise, L., Isita-Espejel, L., & Pick, S. (1999). Changing Community Response to Wife Abuse: A Research and Demonstration Project in Iztacalco, Mexico. American Psychologist, 54(1), 41-49. Language: English

This article describes the process of designing a multifaceted, community based intervention to change community responses to wife abuse in Iztacalco, a low-income community on the outskirts of Mexico City. The goal of the intervention is to encourage women to recognize and disclose abuse and to encourage more constructive, less victim blaming attitudes among family members, friends and the community at large. The intervention is based on the belief that the response that a woman first gets upon disclosing her situation will be critical in setting the course of her future actions. The intervention includes small-scale media (e.g., buttons, posters, events) and a 12-session workshop to train women as community change agents. The design is based on insights derived from formative research and from the transtheoretical model of behavior change as elaborated by J.O. Prochaska and C.C. DiClemente (1982) and adapted to the special case of domestic violence by J. Brown (1997). The article also illustrates the utility of adapting popular education techniques to the research setting in order to facilitate more honest disclosure of prevailing norms and attitudes about abuse.

Flores, E., Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. A. (2005).  Predictors of Resilience in Maltreated and Nonmaltreated Latino Children. Developmental Psychology, 41 (2), 338-351. Language: English

This article presents the results of a study conducted to investigate the effects of child maltreatment and process influencing maladaptation in Latino children.  The study included a sample of 133 Latino children in New York.  The sample was characterized as disadvantaged and at risk for maladaptive outcomes.  The results concluded that maltreated children have fewer areas of resilient functioning.  Maltreated children also displayed more internalizing and externalizing behavior problems than nonmaltreated Latino children. 

Flores-Ortiz, Y., Esteban, M., & Carrillo, R.A. (1994). La Violencia en la Familia: Un Modelo Contextual de Terapia Intergeneracional. Revista InterAmericana de Psicología/InterAmerican Journal of Psychology, 28(2), 235-250. Language: English

This journal article (written in Spanish) describes an effective treatment approach used with a Central American family that has suffered severe trauma, war-torn situations, migrations, alcoholism, and severe domestic violence. The model is proposed for similar populations.

Fontes, L. A. (1998). Ethics in family violence research: Cross cultural Issues. Family Relations, 47, 53-61. Language: English

This article examines ethical issues in cross-cultural research on family violence. It suggests ways for researchers to increase understanding and avoid abuses of power. Special attention to informed consent, definitions of the sample, composition of the research team, research methods, and potential harm and benefit are considered key to designing ethical cross-cultural research. The discussion is illustrated with examples from the literature and from the author’s experiences conducting research on sexual abuse in a shantytown in Chile and with Puerto Ricans in the U.S.

Fontes, L.A. (1993).  Disclosure of sexual abuse by Puerto Rican children: Oppression and cultural barriers.  Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 2(1), 21-33 Language: English

This study was based on the interviews of psychotherapists who had experience working with Puerto Rican clients affected by sexual abuse and women who were sexually abused as children. It looked at the disclosure information they both provided relating to sexual abuse. It sets forth the pressures on children that lead them towards not disclosing sexual abuse including characteristics of society, ethnic culture, victim’s family, abusive situation, and the victim itself. The findings indicated some systemic factors preventing disclosure that included: discrimination, poverty, migration and the lack of bilingual services. The study also found some cultural factors playing a big role in fewer disclosures such as childrearing norms and practices, the value of virginity, and taboos against discussing sex.

Fontes, L.A. (2000).  Working with Latino families on issues of child abuse and neglect.  The National Child Advocate, 3 (2), p.1, 4-7. Language: English

This article discusses the factors involved in working with Latino families on issues of child abuse and neglect. According to the author, these factors include: language barriers, family life, isolation through migration, poverty because it separates them from support, and neglect.  It also mentions the hindrances to the disclosure of sexual abuse: the issue of remaining a virgin until marriage, experiences of discrimination, and respect towards adults.  The article provides a list of suggestions for improving cultural competence and ways to work best with Latino families.

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