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Annotated Bibliography

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Garcia, L., Hurwitz, E., & Kraus, J. (2004). Acculturation and reported intimate partner violence among Latinas in Los Angeles. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 5(20), 569-590. Language: English

This study looks into the relationship between acculturation and reporting intimate partner violence (IPV) among Latinas. A cross-sectional interview-administered survey was conducted at 5 public health care clinics in Los Angeles County. 464 women were interviewed (82% Mexican, 15.5% Central American and .02% Caribbean). The majority of participants were in their 20s and early 30s. Logistic regression was used to estimate the effect of acculturation on reporting IPV. Highly acculturated Latinas are more likely to report IPV than those who were less acculturated. The measurement scale used was the ARSMA-II. bv

Gilbert, L., El-Bassel, N., Schilling, R.F., & Friedman, E. (1997). Childhood Abuse as a Risk for Partner Abuse among Women in Methadone Maintenance. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 23(4), 581-595. Language: English

This article examined the relationship between childhood abuse and partner abuse among a sample of predominantly African-American and Hispanic women who are patients in methadone clinics in Harlem and the South Bronx. Women who reported childhood sexual abuse were almost 9 times more likely to report having been abused by a spouse or boyfriend. Women who reported childhood abuse were almost 4 times more likely to report having been abused by a spouse or boyfriend. Depression and need for social support were significantly associated with partner abuse, while current heroin use was inversely associated with partner abuse.

Gondolf, E.W., Fisher, E. & McFerron, J.R. (1988). Racial Differences among Shelter Residents: A Comparison of Anglo, Black, and Hispanic Battered. Journal of Family Violence, 3(1), 39-51. Language: English

The implications of racial differences for shelter services has become an increasing concern with the expansion and development of shelters for battered women. This study employs bi-variate cross-tabulation and discriminant analysis of shelter intake and exit interviews to determine the most influential variables in differentiating Anglo, Black and Hispanic women. The groups appear to be differentiated most by income and marital related variables, and very little by abuse and help-seeking variables. The findings suggest that the greatest differences overall are between Anglo and Hispanic women, and that additional economic and educational supports need to be directed to the Hispanic group.

González-Ascencio, G. & Duarte-Sánchez, P. (1996). La Violencia de Género en México, un Obstáculo para la Democracia y el Desarrollo [Gender Violence in Mexico, An Obstacle to Democracy and Development]. Mexico, DF: Amacalli Editores, S.A. de C.V. La

The book contains chapters individually written by each author regarding issues pertaining to gender violence in Mexico. Themes include the role of language, pornography, AIDS, and stalking in violence against women. The book also explores legal and emotional aspects of gender violence, as well as the relation of VAW and NGOs, democracy, and development.

Gorton, J. (1998). Domestic Violence among Patients at Two Rural Health Care Clinics: Prevalence and Social Correlates. Public Health Nursing, 15(5), 355-362. Language: English

Examined the prevalence of spouse abuse among 155 female patients (mean age 41 years) who received medical treatment at two rural health clinics serving low income, primarily Hispanic populations. The analysis showed a significant positive relationship between spousal abuse and drug/alcohol use by the victim's intimate partners.

Grassman, S.F., Lundy, M. (2003).  Use of domestic violence services across race and ethnicity by women aged 55 and older.  Violence Against Women, 9 (12), 1442-1452. Language: English

The study was conducted from 1990-1995 by the Illinois Coalition Against Domestic Violence.  It focused on 2,702 female victims of domestic violence aged 55 and older who sought services.  Only a small proportion of older clients were Hispanic (4.5%).  Some of the findings concluded that 50% of Latina victims were abused by their husbands or ex-husbands and a very small proportion were abused by a male or female relative.  It also found that the police and social service agencies were an important referral source for the victims.  Hispanic clients were four times more likely to be victims of sexual abuse when compared to African-Americans.