Author's Last Name
Davies, C., DiLillo, D., & Martinez, I. (2004). Isolating adult psychological correlates of witnessing parental violence: Findings from a predominantly Latina sample. Journal of Family Violence, 6(19), 377-385.
The authors examined the relationship between childhood exposure to parental violence and adult psychological functioning in a sample of predominantly Mexican American female undergraduate participants (N=142). Findings revealed that witnessing parental violence in childhood was associated with depressive symptoms, low self-esteem, and trauma symptoms in adulthood, even after controlling for child physical and sexual abuse. However, in subsequent analyses, also controlling for levels of nonphysical family conflict, previous associations between exposure to parental violence and adult symptomatology were reduced, such that trauma-related symptoms remained the sole outcome still predicted by a history of witnessing parental violence. One of the limitations of the study is the retrospective nature of data collection (participants may provide inaccurate information about childhood events). Also, because participants were female undergraduate students, the findings may not be generalized to males and a broader Mexican American population.
Davila, Yolanda R., Brackley, Margaret H., (1999). Mexican and Mexican
American women in a battered women’s shelter: Barriers to condom
negotiation for HIV/AIDS prevention. Issues in Mental Health Nursing,
This study conducted with 14 Mexican and Mexican American women
in a shelter for battered women concluded that abused women may not
be a position to successfully initiate condom negotiation. Condom
negotiation may increase their risk of both HIV/AIDS and abuse. For
Mexican and Mexican American women the initiation of condom negotiation
may be in direct conflict with cultural and gender norms. The authors
suggest that these women need effective methods that are under the
complete control of the women themselves.
Davis, R.C., Erez, E. (1998). Immigrant Populations as Victims: Toward
a Multicultural Criminal Justice System. Research in Brief (pp.1-20).
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice Programs, National Institute
This publication summarizes a study that investigated whether the diverse
cultural makeup of many communities requires the criminal justice system
to modify its approach, particularly in handling recent immigrants.
The study addressed a previously unexamined question–whether immigrant
victims have a more difficult time than other victims in dealing with
police and the courts because of differences in language, expectations,
and treatment by officials. The consensus among officials who responded
to the national survey and among the leaders of six ethnic communities
whom researchers interviewed for this study is that many recent immigrants
do indeed fail to report crimes. Many of the study participants saw
this failure to report crimes as a serious problem, allowing criminals
to go free and eroding the ability of the criminal justice system to
function effectively. Cultural differences and ignorance of the U.S.
justice system also discourage victims from coming to court. Respondents
indicated that the language barrier poses no problem in communicating
with officials, because interpreters often are available. However, they
stated that immigrants have trouble understanding court proceedings
conducted in English even when they are translated.
De Vidas, M.(1999). Childhood sexual abuse and domestic violence:
A support group for Latino gay men and lesbians. Journal of Gay and
Lesbian Social Services, 10(2), 51-68.
This article describes the dynamics of a support group for Latino
gay men and lesbians in New York. Latino gay men and lesbians face several
levels of oppression due to their cultural and religious traditions.
The author addresses issues such as problems with mixed groups with
heterosexual and gay/lesbian members, and misconceptions in the Latino
community about homosexuals. He emphasizes the importance of a facilitator
to create a safe and supporting place for Latino gay men and lesbians.
Participants in the support group were given an opportunity to discuss
issues regarding their sexuality. During the support group two important
topics emerged: childhood experiences of sexual abuse and domestic violence
Dimmitt, J. (1995). Rural Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic White
Women: Effects of Abuse on Self-Concept. Journal of Cultural Diversity,
This research arose from a clinical practice in a rural Mexican-American
and non-Hispanic white community in Southwest Texas. The practice focused
on individual and group counseling for these women in abusive relationships.
Effects of type of abuse (physical, sexual, psychological) on self-concept
were identified. Rural Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white women
experiencing sexual abuse versus other forms of abuse were found to
have significantly lower perceptions of competency on a multi-dimensional
measure of self-concept. Ethnic differences in self-concept were also
found between groups of abused, rural Mexican-American and non-Hispanic
Dimmitt, J. (1996). Woman Abuse, Assimilation, and Self-Concept in
a Rural Mexican American Community. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral
Sciences, 18(4), 508-522.
This article describes the effect of assimilation on self-concept and
abuse in a rural, minority population of Mexican American women (aged
17-85 years). Ethnic language translations were developed to enable
investigation with a rural, Spanish-speaking Mexican American population.
Reassessment of reliability and validity of both English and Spanish
translations of instrumentation for a rural population was also performed.
Data were collected through convenience sampling from both rural battered
women's shelters and rural community service centers. Significant differences
were found between the 85 abused and the 84 non-abused women on dimensions
of self-concept. Assimilation variables found to be significantly correlated
with self-concept for abused and non-abused Mexican American women included
language, attitudes toward traditional family structure, and values.
Significant differences were found between abused and non-abused Mexican
American women in attitudes toward traditional family structure and
sex-role identification. ((c) 1997 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved).
Dimmitt, J. (1999). Effect of Abuse on Self-Perception of Rural Mexican-American
and Non-Hispanic White Adolescents. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 13(1),
Developed a self-concept profile for 123 rural Mexican-American and
44 non-Hispanic White 13-18-yr-olds who have been physically, sexually,
or psychologically abused. Students within a rural school district in
the southwestern U.S. were administered the Adolescent Self-Perception
Profile. The relevance of each self-concept domain to global self-worth
was determined. Abused students reported significantly lower perceptions
of Self-Worth, Scholastic Ability, and Behavioral Conduct than non-abused
students. Differences were also found by ethnicity (Job Competence)
and sex (Close Friendship, Athletic Ability). These results represent
scientific, defensible reasons for related psychotherapeutic nursing
interventions for adolescent abuse. This study proposed to refine the
theoretical basis for interventions related to self-concept and woman
abuse for rural Mexican American and non-Hispanic White adolescents.
((c) 1999 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved).
Douglas, C. A. (1990 May). Central American Women: Battered
in the USA. Off Our Backs, 3 and 7.
This magazine article presents an interview with a Hispanic woman who
works at a rape and domestic violence program in Virginia. The article
highlights the issues of isolation, increased responsibility, fear of
deportation, language barriers and work challenges faced by many immigrant
battered women in the USA.
Duarte, P. (1995). Sinfonía de una Ciudadana Inconclusa: El Maltrato
Doméstico y la Ciudadanía [Symphony of an Unfinished Citizen:
Domestic Abuse and Citizenship]. México, DF: COVAC Asociación
Mexicana contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres.
This book, written by one of the founders of the COVAC, The Mexican
Association Against Violence Against Women, uses the analogy of a symphony
and its component elements to explore the issue of domestic violence
and citizenship. In addition to statistics and other data regarding
the work of the organization, the author presents an analysis of different
theories and conceptualizations regarding domestic violence. She brings
into the discussion biological, social, economic, and political elements
and points out the need to go beyond patriarchy to include both subjective
and social characteristics of gender in order to understand the phenomenon
more fully. She concludes by providing suggestions regarding potential
ways in which transformation can happen.
Duarte, P. & González, G. (1994). La Lucha Contra la Violencia
de Género en México: De Nairobi a Beijing [The Struggle
Against Gender Violence in Mexico: From Nairobi to Beijing]. México,
DF: COVAC, Asociación Mexicana Contra la Violencia Hacia Las Mujeres,
This book presents a historical review and analysis of the struggle
against VAW in Mexico. The authors present a report of the current status
of laws and sanctions against different types of violence, including
rape, family violence, sexual abuse of minors, stalking, child and forced
prostitution, AIDS and violence, male batterers, and the impact of the
issue of domestic violence in academic circles. The book concludes with
a vision of feminism as it addresses government services regarding VAW
and provides statistics, resources, and a bibliography regarding this
Dutton, M. A. (2000). Characteristics of help-seeking behaviors,
resources and service needs of battered immigrant Latinas: Legal and
policy implications. Georgetown Journal On Poverty Law & Policy,
The purpose of this study was to explore domestic violence and other
conditions affecting the lives of undocumented and recently documented
Latina women in Washington, DC. A total of 337 women participated. The
sample was divided into four groups: physically and/or sexually abused,
psychologically abused only, non-abused immigrants, and help-seeking
group. The study concluded that many reforms are needed to make the
legal, health care, and social services systems more responsive to the
needs of battered immigrant women. Service provides must provide culturally
sensitive services to battered immigrant women. Reforms are also needed
to remove obstacles that prevent battered women’s access to Violence
Against Women Act immigration relief and public benefits.
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