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Fawcett, G., Heise, L., Isita-Espejel, L., & Pick, S. (1999). Changing Community Response to Wife Abuse: A Research and Demonstration Project in Iztacalco, Mexico. American Psychologist, 54(1), 41-49.
Language: English

This article describes the process of designing a multifaceted, community based intervention to change community responses to wife abuse in Iztacalco, a low-income community on the outskirts of Mexico City. The goal of the intervention is to encourage women to recognize and disclose abuse and to encourage more constructive, less victim blaming attitudes among family members, friends and the community at large. The intervention is based on the belief that the response that a woman first gets upon disclosing her situation will be critical in setting the course of her future actions. The intervention includes small-scale media (e.g., buttons, posters, events) and a 12-session workshop to train women as community change agents. The design is based on insights derived from formative research and from the transtheoretical model of behavior change as elaborated by J.O. Prochaska and C.C. DiClemente (1982) and adapted to the special case of domestic violence by J. Brown (1997). The article also illustrates the utility of adapting popular education techniques to the research setting in order to facilitate more honest disclosure of prevailing norms and attitudes about abuse.

Flores, E., Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F. A. (2005).  Predictors of Resilience in Maltreated and Nonmaltreated Latino Children. Developmental Psychology, 41 (2), 338-351.
Language: English

This article presents the results of a study conducted to investigate the effects of child maltreatment and process influencing maladaptation in Latino children.  The study included a sample of 133 Latino children in New York.  The sample was characterized as disadvantaged and at risk for maladaptive outcomes.  The results concluded that maltreated children have fewer areas of resilient functioning.  Maltreated children also displayed more internalizing and externalizing behavior problems than nonmaltreated Latino children. 

Flores-Ortiz, Y., Esteban, M., & Carrillo, R.A. (1994). La Violencia en la Familia: Un Modelo Contextual de Terapia Intergeneracional. Revista InterAmericana de Psicología/InterAmerican Journal of Psychology, 28(2), 235-250.
Language: English

This journal article (written in Spanish) describes an effective treatment approach used with a Central American family that has suffered severe trauma, war-torn situations, migrations, alcoholism, and severe domestic violence. The model is proposed for similar populations.

Fontes, L. A. (1998). Ethics in family violence research: Cross cultural Issues. Family Relations, 47, 53-61.
Language: English

This article examines ethical issues in cross-cultural research on family violence. It suggests ways for researchers to increase understanding and avoid abuses of power. Special attention to informed consent, definitions of the sample, composition of the research team, research methods, and potential harm and benefit are considered key to designing ethical cross-cultural research. The discussion is illustrated with examples from the literature and from the author’s experiences conducting research on sexual abuse in a shantytown in Chile and with Puerto Ricans in the U.S.

Fontes, L.A. (2002).  Child discipline and physical abuse in immigrant Latino families: Reducing violence and misunderstandings.  Journal of Counseling & Development, 80, 31-39. 
Language: English

This article discusses corporal punishment, physical abuse, Latino norms of raising children, counseling of families who use physical punishment, and social stressors for Latino immigrant families. This article also explores the common misunderstandings between poor Latino families and professionals concerning physical abuse. It also discusses how to build opposition to corporal punishment among Latino families, use cultural norms to resist corporal punishment, and prevention programming. This article implies that poor Latino immigrant children should get the same protection from physical punishment as the rich children. Finally, it introduces several culturally competent ways for counselors to better attend to Latino families and eradicate violence.

Fontes, L.A., Cruz, M., & TAbachnick, J. (2001).  Views of child sexual abuse in two cultural communities: An exploratory study among African Americans and Latinos.  Child Maltreatment, 6(2), 103-107. 
Language: English

This was an exploratory study about child sexual abuse in the African American and Latino community.  The study was conducted in the form of focus group discussions focusing on the definition, prevalence, beliefs, and intervention of child sexual abuse in both cultures. The study found that ethnic culture and gender seem to affect opinions about and knowledge of child sexual abuse.  It also found that current prevention strategies may have different a different impact on different cultural groups.

Fontes, L.A. (2000).  Working with Latino families on issues of child abuse and neglect.  The National Child Advocate, 3 (2), p.1, 4-7.
Language: English

This article discusses the factors involved in working with Latino families on issues of child abuse and neglect. According to the author, these factors include: language barriers, family life, isolation through migration, poverty because it separates them from support, and neglect.  It also mentions the hindrances to the disclosure of sexual abuse: the issue of remaining a virgin until marriage, experiences of discrimination, and respect towards adults.  The article provides a list of suggestions for improving cultural competence and ways to work best with Latino families.

Fontes, L.A. (1993).  Disclosure of sexual abuse by Puerto Rican children: Oppression and cultural barriers.  Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 2(1), 21-33
Language: English

This study was based on the interviews of psychotherapists who had experience working with Puerto Rican clients affected by sexual abuse and women who were sexually abused as children. It looked at the disclosure information they both provided relating to sexual abuse. It sets forth the pressures on children that lead them towards not disclosing sexual abuse including characteristics of society, ethnic culture, victim’s family, abusive situation, and the victim itself. The findings indicated some systemic factors preventing disclosure that included: discrimination, poverty, migration and the lack of bilingual services. The study also found some cultural factors playing a big role in fewer disclosures such as childrearing norms and practices, the value of virginity, and taboos against discussing sex.

Frías-Armenta, M., & McCloskey, L.A. (1998).  Determinants of harsh parenting in Mexico.  Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26 (2), 129-139.
Language: English

This article addresses commonly cited origins of child abuse and parenting practices in the Mexican culture. It describes a structural model of determinants of harsh parenting among Mexican mothers. The concept of corporal punishment in this model is explained by topics such as authoritarian parenting style, and family dysfunction. The interviewees (n=105) were mothers recruited from Sonara (northern) Mexico. The results indicated that parenting style is the most significant factor in the explanation of abusive behavior and cultural beliefs play a major role in parenting among Mexican families.

Frias, S. M., & Angel, R. J. (2005). The risk of partner violence among low-income Hispanic subgroups. Journal of Marriage and Family 67 (August), 552-564.
Language: English

The “Hispanic” category used by the Census Bureau and many researchers has no inherent social, cultural, or scientific meaning because it combines individuals and groups that differ with respect to their political, historical, socioeconomic, and religious characteristics. Data suggests that among Hispanics, the risk for partner violence is influenced by both country of origin and acculturation. For example, Mexican-origin women are at a higher risk of abuse than Puerto Rican women. Hispanic women who arrived in the U.S. after the age of 15 are at a lower risk for partner violence than U.S.-born Hispanic women. The analysis is based on a study of poor families in Boston, MA; Chicago, IL; and San Antonio, TX. The study was based on a sample of 2400 poor families.


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Domestic Violence Hotline:

1-800-799-7233 (SAFE)

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©2007. National Latino Alliance for the Elimination of Domestic Violence.
All Rights Reserved. Last updated 05/30/07.