Author's Last Name
Caetano, R., Schafer, J., Clark, C. L., Cunradi, C. B., & Raspberry,
K. (2000). Intimate partner violence, acculturation, and alcohol consumption
among Hispanic couples in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal
Violence, 15(1), 30-45.
The purpose of this article was to report rates of intimate partner
violence, acculturation, and alcohol consumption patterns among U.S.
Hispanic couples. A probability sample of 527 Hispanic couples was interviewed
in 1995. The rates of male-to-female and female-to-male partner violence
were highest in the medium acculturation group, followed by the high
acculturation group and the low acculturation group. Analyses indicate
that couples with at least one medium acculturated couple member were
3 times more likely to experience male-to-female violence than couples
with two low acculturated partners. IPV among medium acculturated individuals
may be the result of the difficulties of negotiating between cultures
without the support of strong social network. Copyright Sage Publications,
Campbell, D. W., Masaki, B., & Torres, S. (1997). Water on rock:
Changing domestic violence perceptions in the African American, Asian
American, and Latino communities. In E. Klein, J. Campbell, E. Soler,
& M. Ghez (Eds.). Ending Domestic Violence: Changing Public Perceptions/
Halting the Epidemic (pp. 64-87). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
The authors provide a discussion of the methodological issues surrounding
the national surveys on family violence as well as the contrasting data
from the National Victim Survey regarding prevalence rates for major
ethnic groups. They suggest an ecological approach to the study of domestic
violence as well as the importance of taking into consideration such
issues as racism and anti-immigrant sentiments. A section of the chapter
is devoted to domestic violence in Latino communities.
Carrillo, R.A. & Tello, J. (Eds.) (1998). Family Violence and Men
of Color: Healing The Wounded Male Spirit. New York, NY: Springer Publishing
This volume reviews research on the prevalence of domestic violence,
child abuse and homicide in special populations, including African American,
Latino/Chicano, Asian American and Native American. Empirical, clinical,
experiential, and narrative approaches provide the reader with a culturally
integrated perspective of this controversial subject. Also addressed
is the need for more culturally-sensitive research that would result
in more effective prevention and intervention efforts in years to come.
The book's writers and editors reached the following conclusions:
1) The field is sorely lacking in research and treatment models to
assist in the healing of men of color and domestic violence;
2) The present models not only are inadequate, but many times mirror
the violence and control that we are attempting to address;
3) A major root cause of domestic violence in men of color is in
the historical oppression and violence that people of color have experienced
and continue to experience today;
4) Spirituality is a foundational element needed in the assessment
and healing processes in working with men of color; and
5) The integrated inclusion of family/community as part of the healing
and ongoing recovery process is essential.
Carrillo, R.A. & Goubaud-Reyna, R. (1998). Clinical Treatment of
Latino Offenders. In R. Carrillo & J. Tello (Eds.), Family Violence
and Men of Color: Healing the Wounded Male Spirit (pp.53-73). New York:
Springer Publishing Company, Inc.
This chapter describes a treatment process for court-mandated Latino
immigrant men from Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central America. The model
is based on the Hombres Nobles philosophy and pre-Columbian, postcolonial
theory. The successful treatment of the Latino batterer requires thorough
diagnostics, tailored treatment plans, and needs assessments to include
the batterer’s family members. An emphasis on the values of respect,
dignity, trust and love articulated in their own language and cultural
milieu can contribute to successful rapport building. It is imperative
that the effects of colonization, racism, discrimination, and migration
be addressed in treatment. The authors' preference is that the treatment
focus be systemic and intergenerational, including as much of the family
as possible, whenever it is safe to do so.
Carroll, J.C. (1980). A Cultural-Consistency Theory of Family Violence
in Mexican-American and Jewish Ethnic Groups. In Straus M.A.& Hotaling,G.T.
(Eds.), The Social Causes of Husband-Wife Violence (pp. 68-81).
This chapter suggests that even cultural norms that do not have a manifest
reference to violence also affect the level of violence. For example,
norms may structure family roles in a way that increases tension and hostility
in the family, even though that is not what is intended. Carroll argues
that the elements of a culture tend to be interdependent. He applies this
"cultural consistency" theory to Mexican-American and Jewish-American
families. For example, Carroll concludes that in Mexican-American families,
norms call for male dominance in husband-wife relationships and father
dominance in parent-child relationships. As a result, it is not legitimate
for a wife or child to contest the husband or father. These norms are
systematically linked to a high level of violence. In Jewish families,
it is not illegitimate to argue with one's husband, wife, or father. Conflicts
are not settled on the basis of ascribed power, but on the basis of discussion
and knowledge (either scriptural or scientific). To the extent that this
ideal is followed, conflicts can be settled without resorting to violence.
While this chapter examines only two ethnic subcultures, it is a promising
beginning to the development of a typology of family subcultural norms
and their role in permitting or discouraging the use of violence as a
means of conflict resolution.
Chiarotti, S. (1998). Violencia contra las mujeres en América Latina
y el Caribe [Violence against women in Latin America and the Caribbean].
CLADEM (Comité de Latinoamérica y el Caribe para la Defensa
de los Derechos de la Mujer) Coordinadora Regional [(Latin American and
Caribbean Committee for the Defense of Women’s Rights) Regional
Coordinator]. Retrieved 1/25/01 http://www.socwatch.org.uy/1998/castellano/desarrollo/violencia.htm.
This article describes the Convención Interamericana para Prevenir,
Sancionar y Erradicar la Violencia contra la Mujer [Interamerican Accord
to Prevent, Sanction, and Eradicate Violence Against Women], and lists
the countries who have signed the accord. The author also discusses national
laws of several Latin American and Caribbean countries regarding violence
against women and the lack of coherence that has prevented the laws from
being applied in a clear and systematic manner. Chiarotti also mentions
the lack of statistics regarding violence against women as a barrier to
policy and practice.
Corrobles, J. A., Montorio, I., & Everaerd, W. (2000). Sexual Aggression
against women by me acquaintances: Attitudes and experiences among Spanish
university students. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 3(1), 14-27.
The purpose of this study was to assess Spanish students’ attitudes
about forced sex and actual experiences with male-to-female sexual aggression.
412 students were presented 10 hypothetical situations and asked if they
were acceptable or unacceptable. The study also examined whether students
had experienced or engaged in a broad range of coercive sexual activities
and elicited help-seeking behaviors in those cases where a female student
had experienced unwanted sexual activity. Results showed that acceptance
of forced sex was significantly related to gender, year of study, and
experience with sexual aggression. Results also revealed that 17.5% of
male students accepted forced sex and 33.2% of females students had experienced
some sort of unwanted sexual activity; 7.7% of the women had experienced
attempted or completed rape. Only 39% of the women victimized sought any
form of help.
Domestic Violence Hotline:
The New York State Spanish Domestic Violence Hotline: