Author's Last Name
Saltijeral, M.T., Ramos, L., & Caballero, M.A. (1998). "Las
Mujeres que han sido víctimas de Maltrato Conyugal: Tipos de Violencia
Experimentada y Algunos Efectos en la Salud Mental" [Maritally Abused
Women: Types of Violence and its Effects on Mental Health]. Salud
Mental, 21(2), 10-18.
This article explores the types of violence and mental health effects
suffered by battered women. Battering is conceptualized as a recurrent
pattern of physical, psychological or sexual abuse that a man exerts
against his wife, and which manifests itself as emotional states in
the wife, such as fear and a sense of vulnerability. The authors review
different models that have been proposed to explain the dynamics of
this violence and also present the results of research being developed
in this area. The authors also interviewed 4 female subjects (aged 29-35
years) who sought help regarding their experiences of violence. The
transcripts from the participants’ audiotaped interviews were
analyzed trying to construct some categories related with the types
of violence experienced and their effects on mental health. The subjects'
testimonies showed that physical violence was present in different actions,
such as pushing, punching, and slapping. Women also mentioned sexual
violence, particularly when they were forced to have sex after a battering
episode. In the case of psychological violence, some of the most frequent
types were threats, insults, and humiliations. Subjects also spoke regarding
the mental health effects they suffered as a consequence of the violence
they endured. ((c) 1998 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)
Sorensen, S. B., (1996). "Violence against women: Examining ethnic
differences and commonalities." Evaluation Review, 20(2),
Investigated cultural differences and similarities in the options that
a woman perceives, the help she seeks, and the nature and scope of violence
she experiences in intimate relationship using a group discussion format.
African American, Anglo-American, Asian American and Mexican American
participants comprised 12 ethnic specific focus groups. Central themes
discussed included intersection of gender and ethnicity, immigration
as a challenge to family cultural history, the role of social institutions,
family and friends, and the range of violent experiences and their outcomes,
including psychological and economic consequences. Observations relevant
to research, policy, and service provision are offered. (PsycLIT Database
Copyright 1997, American Psychological Association, all rights reserved).
Sorenson, S.B. & Telles, C.A. (1991). "Self-Reports of Spousal
Violence in a Mexican- American and Non-Hispanic White Population."
Violence and Victims, 6(1), 3-15.
As part of survey of Los Angeles households, 1,243 Mexican Americans
and 1,149 non-Hispanic whites were surveyed about their experiences
of spousal violence. Questions to assess violence included both perpetration
(whether they had been physically violent toward a partner) and victimization
(whether they had been the victim of sexual assault by a partner). Over
one-fifth (21.2%) of the respondents indicated that they had, at one
or more times in their lives, hit or thrown things at their current
or former spouse or partner. Spousal violence rates for Mexican Americans
born in Mexico and non-Hispanic whites born in the United States were
nearly equivalent (20.0% and 21.6%, respectively); rates were highest
for Mexican-Americans born in the United States (30.9%). While overall
rates of sexual assault were lower for Mexican-Americans, one-third
of the most recent incidents reported by Mexico-born Mexican-American
women involved the husband and approximate rape.
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